Nestoriusz: heretyk czy ofiara polityki religijnej?
- Bogdan Czyżewski
At the turn of fourth and fifth century the Church suffered from the Nestorian heresy, by some called an ecumenical scandal. Taking into account the preserved writings of Nestorius as well as the political and religious context in which this controversy appeared, it is important to ask a question whether Nestorius was indeed a heretic or just a victim of imperial religious policy? It seems that accounts of Nestorius as a person and his ideas were often distorted. This is particularly evident when analysis is restricted only to selected passages about the two natures of Christ or the title of "Theotokos". Especially as we often forget about the political and cultural background in which the patriarch of Constantinople lived and worked. Taking into account the comments of Nestorius it is fair to say, that his imprecise terminology and lack of in-depth reflection, especially on the natural and hypostatic union of two natures in Christ, made him incomprehensible. The recipients could understand his teaching not as an interpretation of the two natures but two persons. However, in the case of the title of "Theotokos", it is important to admit that Nestorius did not really reject or deny this designation. He just tried to subdue the existing conflict which he witnessed in Constantinople. His negative assessment was also influenced by the tense religious and political situation between Constantinople and Alexandria. The mutual antagonism and arguments did not have a positive impact on finding a proper solution of that difficult Christological problem.
- Record ID
- Other language title versions
- Nestorius: a famous heretic or just a victim of imperial religious policy?
- Publication size in sheets
- Wojtczak Adam Jerzy Adam Jerzy Wojtczak , Kochaniewicz Bogusław Bogusław Kochaniewicz (eds.): Jezus Chrystus w świetle teologicznych kontrowersji wczoraj i dziś, Colloquia Disputationes, vol. 38, 2017, Poznań, Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, Wydział Teologiczny, 309 p., ISBN 978-83-65251-53-4
- Keywords in English
- Nestorius; Cyril of Alexandria; two natures of Christ; Mother of God; Mother of Man; divinity; humanity
- pl Polish
- Score (nominal)
- Score source
- = 20.0, 26-03-2020, MonographChapterAuthor
- Uniform Resource Identifier