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Źródła do dziejów Wydziału Teologicznego w Poznaniu


  • Maciej Szczepaniak


Teaching theology in Poznań has a long history and goes back to the beginnings of the Polish state. The arrival of Bishop Jordan in the country of the Polan tribe in 968 and the founding of the first bishopric in Poland were connected with the necessity to educate the clergy. The first missionary task was to give the “teaching about God”. The priests were prepared for the task at cathedrals, then in seminaries and at universities. Theological studies were the first subject taught at the Lubrański Academy, the first university in Poznań aspiring to the rank of a university – its foundation came to effect in 1519. Theology was also among the disciplines taught at the Jesuit college, which in 1573 inaugurated its activity in Poznań. At the same time, a seminary was established in the capital of Wielkopolska, founded in accordance with the indications of the Council of Trent. In 1919, after the end of the First World War, the University of Poznań was established in Poznań. It was not possible to imagine its activity without the Theological Faculty – this was discussed at the first organizational meeting on November 11, 1918. In the statute of the University of Poznań, approved by the state authorities in 1921, the Faculty of Theology was listed in the first place. Nevertheless, it did not start working. In 1937, Cardinal August Hlond undertook efforts to revive the Lubrański Academy. At the turn of the sixties and seventies of the twentieth century, the Pontifical Faculty of Theology was established in Poznań. In 1998, the universities were integrated, and the Faculty of Theology found itself in the structures of the University of Adam Mickiewicz. The materials for the history of the Theological Faculty in Poznań collected in this monograph cover the period from 1918 to 1998. Instructions of the cardinal Secretary of State for the Apostolic Visitator in Warsaw and the first meeting of the Organizing Committee of the Poznań University on the one hand and the inclusion of the Pontifical Faculty of Theology into the structure of the University of Adam Mickiewicz constitute a symbolic caesura for its history. In this monograph we can find source materials in chronological order. Documents from 1918-1939 constitute a comprehensive and possibly complete set of archives. Materials from 1939-1998 include a selective collection of documents. Their choice was dictated by the criterion of validity and novelty. Published materials come from various sources, primarily from the Vatican archives: Archivio Segreto Vaticano, Archivio Storico della Congregazione per gli Aff ari Ecclesiastici Straordinari (Segreteria di Stato, Sezione per i Rapporti con gli Stati), Archivio Storico della Congregazione per l’Educazione Cattolica, and also from the Roman Archivum Romanum Societatis Jesu; Polish church archives: the Archdiocesan Archives in Poznań and the Archdiocesan Archives in Gniezno; university archives: Archive of the University of Adam Mickiewicz and the Archives of the Faculty of Theology of Adam Mickiewicz University; Library of the Lithuanian Academy of Sciences in Vilnius, Polish Academy of Sciences Archives and the Central Archives of Modern Records in Warsaw. This publication allows once again to pose a question about the reasons for the failed attempt to establish the Faculty of Theology in the beginnings of the Poznan University. The documents collected here confirm the active attitude of church and university authorities in the process of forming the faculty. Cardinal Edmund Dalbor, Apostolic Nuncio to Poland Archbishop Achille Ratti, the first rector of the university prof. Heliodor Święcicki – these are people who can not be accused of resistance or lack of commitment to the faculty. These people were characterized by determination and reason, sense of the situation, goodwill and broad view. It is also difficult to attribute to the Holy See negligence. The “internal contradiction” of Poznań’s aspirations – a city without well-established academic traditions aspiring to the role of a center where strictly academic theology will be practiced with particular degrees of specialization – was the most probable cause of the lack of eff ects of actions taken. If in 1919, on the wave of Poznań enthusiasm, the department for clerics of the seminary could be opened, it would probably be possible to prevent later financial and staffing diffi culties. There was no consent on the part of the Holy See, for which the Poznań faculty was to be a scientific center allowing the specialization of already educated theologians. However, it was not taken into account that candidates for further education were missing in the newly-born Republic of Poland. The consent of the Congregation for the establishment of a faculty with the basic course of theology in 1921 was too late. The oversight of this historical moment made it increasingly difficult to implement common plans of university and church authorities from year to year, and political conditions after the Second World War moved them up to the end of the 20th century.

Record ID
Other language title versions
Sources for the History of the Faculty of Theology in Poznań
Book type
Publisher (from the publisher list)
Adam Mickiewicz University (UAM)
Publisher name (outside publisher list)
Wydział Teologiczny
Publishing place (Publisher address)
Publication size in sheets
Issue year
pl Polish
Score (nominal)
Score correction
Score increased (at least one author declares Humanities, Social sciences or Theological science)
Score source
Ministerial score = 100.0, 18-03-2020, MonograhOrBookNotMainLanguagesAuthor


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