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Nazwisko dziecka. Ewolucja ukazywania relacji rodzinnoprawnych


  • Andrzej Gulczyński


The manner and principles of acquiring a surname by a child in Poland are analysed and described. The evolution of a surname as a legal institution from the time it emerged at the turn of the 18th and 19th centuries through the development of its main features to the modern times is presented, largely based on the analysis of the legislation, judicial decisions and literature. It has been shown that the concept of a family surname as a name derived from the father, which used to indicate the legal relationships between parents and children, has been changing as the position of the ancestral family has declined and the role of a nuclear family has grown. This process is the result of the diminishing role of the father, which started after the division of the authorities over a child between the State and the family. Recent amendments to the existing regulations of Polish law governing the acquisition of a surname, introduced to improve the status of children born outside a marriage are presented, and proposals of different solutions enabling a child to acquire the father's surname are analysed. Today, when both spouses enjoy equal rights in marriage, a child from a marriage may acquire the mother's surname (an option that has been till recently only restricted to children born out of wedlock), and the parents are also free to give a child the surname of their choice.

Record ID
Other language title versions
The Surname of a Child. Evolution of the Manner of Indicating Relationships in Family Law
Book type
Book categories
Didactic book
Publisher (from the publisher list)
Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza (Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM) [Adam Mickiewicz University (UAM)]
Publication size in sheets
Issue year
Book series /Journal (in case of Journal special issue)
Prawo - Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, ISSN 0083-4262
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pl Polish
Score (nominal)


Uniform Resource Identifier

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