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## The Theatre of Terayama Shūji

### Terumichi Tsuda

#### Abstract

Terayama Shūji (1935-1983) is one of the most important figures in the history of contemporary Japanese theatre. In his works, he often made references to domestic religious motifs. Furthermore, Terayama was inspired by the "magic" of primitive cultures, as he saw a similarity between the function of theatre and that of magic. In Terayama's plays the motif of family system is also repeated because it allows the Japanese to establish their indentities. Behind the motif of space in his theatrical works, we can see his specific sense of space. The "space of words", "space of chance encounters" and "space of imagination" can be connected by the concept "performative space", which is the fourth attribute of Terayama's theatrical space. Terayama always maintained a critical attitude to theatres of Bertolt Brecht and Konstantin Stanislavsky. But paradoxically, their theories of theatre contributed to the formation of "dramaturgy of encounter", which is characteristic of Terayama's theatre. He was largely inspired by Antonin Artaud and his "successor" The Living Theatre. Terayama was especially influenced by the concepts of their theory of theatre, such as actor as a magical medium, and theatre as a magical ritual or a plague caused by a dead rat. Terayama perceived the theatres of Jerzy Grotowski and Richard Schechner as an individualistic and exclusive "theatre of body" and proposed plays of "the synchronic body". Terayama took a hint of his new dramaturgy from Tadeusz Kantor and Witkacy. It can be called "dramaturgy of «interruption»". My original translation of Terayama's theatre theory Meiro-to Shikai is attached to the thesis.
Record ID
UAM228e96a9a3ba401aaf8fb15074562a47
Diploma type
Doctor of Philosophy
Author
Terumichi Tsuda Terumichi Tsuda,, Undefined Affiliation
Title in Polish
Teatr Terayamy Shūji
Title in English
The Theatre of Terayama Shūji
Language
pol (pl) Polish
Certifying Unit
Faculty of Polish and Classical Philology (SNoJiL/WFPiK/FoPaCP)
Discipline
literary studies / (humanities) / (humanities)
Scientific discipline (2.0)
1.5 literary studies
Status
Finished
Defense Date
09-11-2015
Title date
09-11-2015
Supervisor
Elżbieta Kalemba-Kasprzak Elżbieta Kalemba-Kasprzak,, Undefined Affiliation
URL
http://hdl.handle.net/10593/14012 Opening in a new tab
Keywords in English
Japan, local beliefs, family system, performativity, twentieth-century theatre
Abstract in English
Terayama Shūji (1935-1983) is one of the most important figures in the history of contemporary Japanese theatre. In his works, he often made references to domestic religious motifs. Furthermore, Terayama was inspired by the "magic" of primitive cultures, as he saw a similarity between the function of theatre and that of magic. In Terayama's plays the motif of family system is also repeated because it allows the Japanese to establish their indentities. Behind the motif of space in his theatrical works, we can see his specific sense of space. The "space of words", "space of chance encounters" and "space of imagination" can be connected by the concept "performative space", which is the fourth attribute of Terayama's theatrical space. Terayama always maintained a critical attitude to theatres of Bertolt Brecht and Konstantin Stanislavsky. But paradoxically, their theories of theatre contributed to the formation of "dramaturgy of encounter", which is characteristic of Terayama's theatre. He was largely inspired by Antonin Artaud and his "successor" The Living Theatre. Terayama was especially influenced by the concepts of their theory of theatre, such as actor as a magical medium, and theatre as a magical ritual or a plague caused by a dead rat. Terayama perceived the theatres of Jerzy Grotowski and Richard Schechner as an individualistic and exclusive "theatre of body" and proposed plays of "the synchronic body". Terayama took a hint of his new dramaturgy from Tadeusz Kantor and Witkacy. It can be called "dramaturgy of «interruption»". My original translation of Terayama's theatre theory Meiro-to Shikai is attached to the thesis.

Uniform Resource Identifier
https://researchportal.amu.edu.pl/info/phd/UAM228e96a9a3ba401aaf8fb15074562a47/
URN
urn:amu-prod:UAM228e96a9a3ba401aaf8fb15074562a47

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