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## Between romanticism and biedermeier. The changes of literary consciousness in Poland and Germany in the 19th century

### Jacek Kubiak

#### Abstract

The main axis of the considerations are the illustration of the parallelisms of the Polish and German national movements and the literary and historical process in both countries in the first half of the 19th century. Despite all the differences both Polish and German societes were in the preindustrial phase. The rules of estate-based societes were still dominating in both countries, and the literature had to define itself facing the extreme dilemma; namely: enroll in a revolutionary social emancipation which negates a traditional role of literature and aesthetic ideals or support the turn towards new agitational and journalistic genres or, the contrastive alternative, represent state ideals and the classical trial of beauty, love and good in the sphere of aestethic ideals. The drama of this alternative becomes completely understandable taking into account rapid changes of a literary market, mass audience, the expansion of journalistic forms and mottos suggesting the end of art period during July revolusion. I examine these issues on the basis of the examples from literary critics (for instance, Mochnacki "O rewolucji w Niemczech”, the text of Julian Klaczka about Heine), analyses of Kraszewski novel and Kraszewski study on Hipolit Cegielski. The crucial inspiration of the whole examination is the monography of Friedrich Sengle „Biedermeierzeit” and the German examination tradition of the issue of biedermeier literary.
Record ID
UAM3b9a2e1813e94a92869073402e998721
Diploma type
Doctor of Philosophy
Author
Jacek Kubiak Jacek Kubiak,, Undefined Affiliation
Title in Polish
Między romantyzmem a biedermeierem. Przemiany świadomości literackiej w Polsce i w Niemczech w XIX wieku
Title in English
Between romanticism and biedermeier. The changes of literary consciousness in Poland and Germany in the 19th century
Language
pol (pl) Polish
Certifying Unit
Faculty of Polish and Classical Philology (SNoJiL/WFPiK/FoPaCP)
Discipline
literary studies / (humanities) / (humanities)
Scientific discipline (2.0)
1.5 literary studies
Status
Finished
Defense Date
19-05-2015
Title date
19-05-2015
Supervisor
URL
http://hdl.handle.net/10593/13035 Opening in a new tab
Keywords in English
Biedermeier, romanticism literary movement literary market
Abstract in English
The main axis of the considerations are the illustration of the parallelisms of the Polish and German national movements and the literary and historical process in both countries in the first half of the 19th century. Despite all the differences both Polish and German societes were in the preindustrial phase. The rules of estate-based societes were still dominating in both countries, and the literature had to define itself facing the extreme dilemma; namely: enroll in a revolutionary social emancipation which negates a traditional role of literature and aesthetic ideals or support the turn towards new agitational and journalistic genres or, the contrastive alternative, represent state ideals and the classical trial of beauty, love and good in the sphere of aestethic ideals. The drama of this alternative becomes completely understandable taking into account rapid changes of a literary market, mass audience, the expansion of journalistic forms and mottos suggesting the end of art period during July revolusion. I examine these issues on the basis of the examples from literary critics (for instance, Mochnacki "O rewolucji w Niemczech”, the text of Julian Klaczka about Heine), analyses of Kraszewski novel and Kraszewski study on Hipolit Cegielski. The crucial inspiration of the whole examination is the monography of Friedrich Sengle „Biedermeierzeit” and the German examination tradition of the issue of biedermeier literary.

Uniform Resource Identifier
https://researchportal.amu.edu.pl/info/phd/UAM3b9a2e1813e94a92869073402e998721/
URN
urn:amu-prod:UAM3b9a2e1813e94a92869073402e998721

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