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## South-Eastern Balkans during the IVth millennium BC: Millennium of many unknowns

### Mariusz Kufel

#### Abstract

In this thesis, there were addressed some issues concerning cultural and social changes in south-eastern Balkans in the 4th millennium BC. The main purpose was to prove whether there has been a continuity or discontinuity in cultural and settlement development and to determine in what extent the steppe communities took part in the formation of cultural and social situation in mentioned area. The outline of environmental conditions and the scale of anthopogenic impact on the environment at the end of the Atlantic and the early Subboreal periods opens the first part of this dissertation. Subsequently, the current state of research on socio-cultural issues during that millennium, has been presented. This outline also included chronology, taxonomy, periodisation and interregional synchronization of events described in this thesis. The particular attention has been paid to explore causes of cultural and social transformations in the 4th millennium. Additionally, some selected cultural phenomena have been discussed in order to demonstrate continuity or discontinuity in cultural development. In order to select the most diagnostic pottery categories and stylistic features that subsequently were used in the analysis aimed to determining the scale of the so called settlement hiatus and “fire horizon” on the tell sites at the end of Copper Age in Balkan terms (late 5th millennium), the ceramic material of cultures belonging to the 4th millennium has been characterized. The conclusion of this analysis is that the two above mentioned events were not a homogeneous phenomenon spatially and temporally, and were not the result of one cultural process - the aggressive infiltration of steppe people from northern Black Sea area.
Record ID
UAM410da7b1fdd54cc9b1ed42e98af14abc
Diploma type
Doctor of Philosophy
Author
Title in Polish
Południowo-wschodnie Bałkany w IV tysiącleciu przed Chr.: Milenium pełne niewiadomych
Title in English
South-Eastern Balkans during the IVth millennium BC: Millennium of many unknowns
Language
pol (pl) Polish
Certifying Unit
Faculty of History (FoH)
Discipline
archeology / (humanities) / (humanities)
Scientific discipline (2.0)
1.1 archaeology
Status
Finished
Defense Date
25-11-2014
Title date
25-11-2014
Supervisor
URL
http://hdl.handle.net/10593/12199 Opening in a new tab
Keywords in English
transitional period, settlement hiatus, radiocarbon dating, tell settlements, steppe societies
Abstract in English
In this thesis, there were addressed some issues concerning cultural and social changes in south-eastern Balkans in the 4th millennium BC. The main purpose was to prove whether there has been a continuity or discontinuity in cultural and settlement development and to determine in what extent the steppe communities took part in the formation of cultural and social situation in mentioned area. The outline of environmental conditions and the scale of anthopogenic impact on the environment at the end of the Atlantic and the early Subboreal periods opens the first part of this dissertation. Subsequently, the current state of research on socio-cultural issues during that millennium, has been presented. This outline also included chronology, taxonomy, periodisation and interregional synchronization of events described in this thesis. The particular attention has been paid to explore causes of cultural and social transformations in the 4th millennium. Additionally, some selected cultural phenomena have been discussed in order to demonstrate continuity or discontinuity in cultural development. In order to select the most diagnostic pottery categories and stylistic features that subsequently were used in the analysis aimed to determining the scale of the so called settlement hiatus and “fire horizon” on the tell sites at the end of Copper Age in Balkan terms (late 5th millennium), the ceramic material of cultures belonging to the 4th millennium has been characterized. The conclusion of this analysis is that the two above mentioned events were not a homogeneous phenomenon spatially and temporally, and were not the result of one cultural process - the aggressive infiltration of steppe people from northern Black Sea area.

Uniform Resource Identifier
https://researchportal.amu.edu.pl/info/phd/UAM410da7b1fdd54cc9b1ed42e98af14abc/
URN
urn:amu-prod:UAM410da7b1fdd54cc9b1ed42e98af14abc

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