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Forms and scopes of public participation in spatial planning in Poznan City

Michał Wójcicki

Abstract

The main aim of the dissertation is to identity the level of public participation in spatial planning process on the example of Poznań City, as well as to indicate the directions of its development against legal, organizational, social and technological backgrounds. Implementation of this objective was based on the most important theories explaining the phenomenon of public participation in the spatial planning and public management at the local level. On the other hand, it was necessary to examine external conditions, such as: international, national and internal conditions (mostly at the local level) of participatory planning, its mechanisms, barriers and constraints. The mail aim of presented dissertation is followed by six particular purposes which include: 1. Review and adaptation of the relevant theories, associated with the subject of the dissertation e.g.: public management, civil society, social communication and social/ spatial conflicts in relation to the local (municipal) level. 2. Define the conceptual scope and main components of the process of public participation: the subject and object of participation, its forms and applied tools, both traditional and modern, which are related to the development of new technologies of information gathering and social communication, 3. International and national strategic documents review and the level of their implementation in practice of public management and spatial planning at the local level; 4. Identification of the main determinants of participatory planning at the local level, legal, political, social, organizational, administrative and technological risks; 5. Define the scope, types od participants and the course of public participation in the development of local spatial planning documents. 6. Identification of the strengths and weaknesses of participatory planning and formulating recommendations, aimed to improve efficiency and effectiveness of the public participation process. The spatial scope of work of the dissertation includes the city of Poznan, in its administrative boundaries. The main analytics methods, used in the site to achieve the objectives of the work are: 1. A structured interview among the inhabitants of selected districts of Poznań City (n = 550) 2. The traditional survey, carried out during the 25 consultation meetings in the process of drawing up local development plans in Poznan (n = 350) 3. Participant observation process during 25 consultation meetings in the process of drawing up local development plans in Poznan 4. Query at the Municipal Urban Planning Office in Poznan - archival research on the proposals and remarks to the Unitary Development Plan in Poznan (the time span of research from 2006 to 2015) 5. The online survey of provincial and municipal planning offices in the biggest cities of Poland (n=16) 6. Online survey based on Geographic Information System – Geoquestionnaire 7. Online survey based on Geographic Information System – deliberative tool: Geo discussion The dissertation is the part of actual trends and not yet numerous studies in the field of public participation in spatial planning and social engagement in public activities. The assumption of the studies is the desire to supplement existing scientific achievements especially in the field of spatial and urban planning, sociology, conditions, scopes and forms of public participation in the planning process. Worldwide research in the area of public participation is also incomplete in the identification of participants in the planning process. Rich legacy of literature provides theoretical knowledge in the field of broadly understood public participation, but there are still gaps in confirming empirical studies. General assumptions about participation in planning are not sufficiently verified by the results of empirical research. This problem is related, primarily because of the lack of adequate information about the numbers structures of participants in the process of public participation, used forms and above all assess how the process is effective, both from the social point of view and decision-makers. The dissertation provides especially significant results in identification of participants in the process of public participation. The research results of statutory and non-statutory tools of engagement in planning processes show that: • Participants, in the processes of public participation have a low level of knowledge on topics related to spatial development in the city and at the nearest residence, • Involvement in spatial planning processes is directly related to the particular interests of individual groups of participants in the planning process in the Poznań City. • The forms of public participation in spatial planning process used by the local government in Poznan are one of the most advanced form among other cities in Poland. • Although functioning in Poznan City expanded model of public participation in the process of preparing a local plans, the scale of social participation is relationally low, • Public consultations of local developments plans in Poznan have predominantly local character and the level of public participation depends on the subject of proceeded plan, the size and above all, the functions of the particular areas. • Increase of community involvement in the process of public participation is possible through the use of innovative participatory tools, especially based on Geographical Information Systems. As the result of research conducted by the author, the scale of public participation in the process of preparing local plans using online tools is significantly higher. Participatory web tools are complementary to the traditional consultation meetings, include those groups that do not participate during the traditional meetings. In addition, the dissertation provides knowledge on identified trends and the development of public participation in public sector. Numerous analysis of the external and internal conditions of participation allowed to formulate recommendations, mainly for the organizers of the process of public participation in Poznan.
Record ID
UAM68aa448999834b2aa06748e8b5818fc7
Diploma type
Doctor of Philosophy
Author
Michał Wójcicki Michał Wójcicki,, Undefined Affiliation
Title in Polish
Formy i zakres partycypacji społecznej w procesie planowania przestrzennego w Poznaniu
Title in English
Forms and scopes of public participation in spatial planning in Poznan City
Language
pl Polish
Certifying Unit
Faculty of Geographical and Geological Sciences (FoGaGS)
Discipline
geography / (Earth sciences domain) / (biological sciences)
Scientific discipline (2.0)
5.2 social and economic geography and spatial management
Defense Date
06-12-2016
Title date
06-12-2016
Supervisor
URL
http://hdl.handle.net/10593/16344 opening in a new tab
Keywords in English
public participation, spatial planning, public managemeny, local public administration, Poznań City
Abstract in English
The main aim of the dissertation is to identity the level of public participation in spatial planning process on the example of Poznań City, as well as to indicate the directions of its development against legal, organizational, social and technological backgrounds. Implementation of this objective was based on the most important theories explaining the phenomenon of public participation in the spatial planning and public management at the local level. On the other hand, it was necessary to examine external conditions, such as: international, national and internal conditions (mostly at the local level) of participatory planning, its mechanisms, barriers and constraints. The mail aim of presented dissertation is followed by six particular purposes which include: 1. Review and adaptation of the relevant theories, associated with the subject of the dissertation e.g.: public management, civil society, social communication and social/ spatial conflicts in relation to the local (municipal) level. 2. Define the conceptual scope and main components of the process of public participation: the subject and object of participation, its forms and applied tools, both traditional and modern, which are related to the development of new technologies of information gathering and social communication, 3. International and national strategic documents review and the level of their implementation in practice of public management and spatial planning at the local level; 4. Identification of the main determinants of participatory planning at the local level, legal, political, social, organizational, administrative and technological risks; 5. Define the scope, types od participants and the course of public participation in the development of local spatial planning documents. 6. Identification of the strengths and weaknesses of participatory planning and formulating recommendations, aimed to improve efficiency and effectiveness of the public participation process. The spatial scope of work of the dissertation includes the city of Poznan, in its administrative boundaries. The main analytics methods, used in the site to achieve the objectives of the work are: 1. A structured interview among the inhabitants of selected districts of Poznań City (n = 550) 2. The traditional survey, carried out during the 25 consultation meetings in the process of drawing up local development plans in Poznan (n = 350) 3. Participant observation process during 25 consultation meetings in the process of drawing up local development plans in Poznan 4. Query at the Municipal Urban Planning Office in Poznan - archival research on the proposals and remarks to the Unitary Development Plan in Poznan (the time span of research from 2006 to 2015) 5. The online survey of provincial and municipal planning offices in the biggest cities of Poland (n=16) 6. Online survey based on Geographic Information System – Geoquestionnaire 7. Online survey based on Geographic Information System – deliberative tool: Geo discussion The dissertation is the part of actual trends and not yet numerous studies in the field of public participation in spatial planning and social engagement in public activities. The assumption of the studies is the desire to supplement existing scientific achievements especially in the field of spatial and urban planning, sociology, conditions, scopes and forms of public participation in the planning process. Worldwide research in the area of public participation is also incomplete in the identification of participants in the planning process. Rich legacy of literature provides theoretical knowledge in the field of broadly understood public participation, but there are still gaps in confirming empirical studies. General assumptions about participation in planning are not sufficiently verified by the results of empirical research. This problem is related, primarily because of the lack of adequate information about the numbers structures of participants in the process of public participation, used forms and above all assess how the process is effective, both from the social point of view and decision-makers. The dissertation provides especially significant results in identification of participants in the process of public participation. The research results of statutory and non-statutory tools of engagement in planning processes show that: • Participants, in the processes of public participation have a low level of knowledge on topics related to spatial development in the city and at the nearest residence, • Involvement in spatial planning processes is directly related to the particular interests of individual groups of participants in the planning process in the Poznań City. • The forms of public participation in spatial planning process used by the local government in Poznan are one of the most advanced form among other cities in Poland. • Although functioning in Poznan City expanded model of public participation in the process of preparing a local plans, the scale of social participation is relationally low, • Public consultations of local developments plans in Poznan have predominantly local character and the level of public participation depends on the subject of proceeded plan, the size and above all, the functions of the particular areas. • Increase of community involvement in the process of public participation is possible through the use of innovative participatory tools, especially based on Geographical Information Systems. As the result of research conducted by the author, the scale of public participation in the process of preparing local plans using online tools is significantly higher. Participatory web tools are complementary to the traditional consultation meetings, include those groups that do not participate during the traditional meetings. In addition, the dissertation provides knowledge on identified trends and the development of public participation in public sector. Numerous analysis of the external and internal conditions of participation allowed to formulate recommendations, mainly for the organizers of the process of public participation in Poznan.

Uniform Resource Identifier
https://researchportal.amu.edu.pl/info/phd/UAM68aa448999834b2aa06748e8b5818fc7/

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