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The Ills, the Disabled in the Early Medieval Culmine. The Archaeological and Anthropological Perspective

Magdalena Matczak

Abstract

The main topic of the dissertation is to gain comprehensive knowledge on perception of the ills and the disabled in the early medieval (10th-13th century) Culmine. Culmine was set on the border of Polish state with Prussian tribes lands. The research assumes a quantitative and qualitative analysis of osteological, archaeological and ethnographic materials in spatial and chronological dimension. The research showed that the ills and the disabled were perceived in neutral way unless they were impaired as a result of punishment. The illnesses were named after their causes and symptoms. The illnesses were perceived more often on the base of their causes than symptoms. Different classifications of illnesses were used. Synchronic analysis showed that it was gender that had the biggest impact on the illnesses. Diachronic analysis showed that it was age. The ills and the disabled had different burial customs that depended on their social status, social roles and achievements. More often people without significant illnesses were buried in chamber graves that are associated with local elite. The ills and the disabled could have belonged to different social layers. The ills and the disabled were not buried in atypical and anti-vampire graves because of their health conditions. The medieval society did not feared of the ills and the disabled and therefore did not excluded and marginalised them. With all probability the members of the society were accustomed to the different appearance and behaviour of the ills and the disabled.
Record ID
UAM71b0d86d39d44f8cb2d7819f5636d07c
Diploma type
Doctor of Philosophy
Author
Magdalena Matczak Magdalena Matczak,, Undefined Affiliation
Title in Polish
Chorzy, niepełnosprawni we wczesnośredniowiecznym Culmine. Studium archeologiczno-antropolgiczne
Title in English
The Ills, the Disabled in the Early Medieval Culmine. The Archaeological and Anthropological Perspective
Language
pol (pl) Polish
Certifying Unit
Faculty of History (FoH)
Discipline
archeology / (humanities) / (humanities)
Scientific discipline (2.0)
1.1 archaeology
Status
Finished
Defense Date
29-12-2015
Title date
29-12-2015
Supervisor
URL
http://hdl.handle.net/10593/14104 Opening in a new tab
Keywords in English
illness, disability, archaeology, paleopathology, Middle Ages
Abstract in English
The main topic of the dissertation is to gain comprehensive knowledge on perception of the ills and the disabled in the early medieval (10th-13th century) Culmine. Culmine was set on the border of Polish state with Prussian tribes lands. The research assumes a quantitative and qualitative analysis of osteological, archaeological and ethnographic materials in spatial and chronological dimension. The research showed that the ills and the disabled were perceived in neutral way unless they were impaired as a result of punishment. The illnesses were named after their causes and symptoms. The illnesses were perceived more often on the base of their causes than symptoms. Different classifications of illnesses were used. Synchronic analysis showed that it was gender that had the biggest impact on the illnesses. Diachronic analysis showed that it was age. The ills and the disabled had different burial customs that depended on their social status, social roles and achievements. More often people without significant illnesses were buried in chamber graves that are associated with local elite. The ills and the disabled could have belonged to different social layers. The ills and the disabled were not buried in atypical and anti-vampire graves because of their health conditions. The medieval society did not feared of the ills and the disabled and therefore did not excluded and marginalised them. With all probability the members of the society were accustomed to the different appearance and behaviour of the ills and the disabled.
Thesis file
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Uniform Resource Identifier
https://researchportal.amu.edu.pl/info/phd/UAM71b0d86d39d44f8cb2d7819f5636d07c/
URN
urn:amu-prod:UAM71b0d86d39d44f8cb2d7819f5636d07c

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