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## Myth and art: nostalgia and affirmation against the decay of symbolic space: Friedrich Hölderlin and Bruno Schulz

### Elżbieta Stachowiak-Dudzik

#### Abstract

The main purpose of this doctoral dissertation is a hermeneutic analysis of the relationship between the myth and art on the example of the literary works of Friedrich Hölderlin and Bruno Schulz. The work consists of two parts. The first one holds theoretical and methodological considerations. It consists of selected anthropological, philosophical concepts about the relation between mythological and artistic consciousness. Besides the outline of the mentality of representatives of traditional cultures, there are also attempts to reconstruct the definitions of myth and symbol based on the principle called the coincidence of opposites. The second part embraces an analyzes and interpretations of the literary works of Hölderlin and Schulz, in which the author recognizes two, eponymous attitudes nostalgia and affirmation resulting from the progressive decay of symbolic space. Nostalgia is a longing for an irretrievably lost past, for natural innocence, and missing presence. Affirmation, in turn, is a joyful confirmation of the world without the truth, center or origin. This attitude offers an active interpretation understood as a free play between dispersed signs and symbols. The main thesis of this work is a proposition that both of the attitudes belong to one program of searching for possibilities of functioning symbolic messages in the disenchanted world. Both of them are a part of desire to restore or create a sense of human existence through art or face its irretrievable loss. It turns out that artistic creativity can be the answer to the lack of a center, an attempt to ground a myth in art in place of the former setting art in a myth.
Record ID
UAM8427bd1f5aba4e1e81cfd59e8f6b9e92
Diploma type
Doctor of Philosophy
Author
Elżbieta Stachowiak-Dudzik Elżbieta Stachowiak-Dudzik,, Undefined Affiliation
Title in Polish
Mit i sztuka: postawy nostalgii i afirmacji względem rozpadu przestrzeni symbolicznej, na przykładzie literackich sposobów posługiwania się mitem. Friedrich Hölderlin i Bruno Schulz
Title in English
Myth and art: nostalgia and affirmation against the decay of symbolic space: Friedrich Hölderlin and Bruno Schulz
Language
pol (pl) Polish
Certifying Unit
to_translate_Wydział Antropologii i Kulturoznawstwa [nowa struktura organizacyjna] (SNH/WAiK)
Scientific discipline (2.0)
1.6 culture and religion sciences
Status
Finished
Year of creation
2021
Start date
2018
Defense Date
28-01-2021
Title date
28-01-2021
Supervisor
Pages
277
URL
https://hdl.handle.net/10593/26015 Opening in a new tab
Keywords in English
myth; magic; symbol; poetry; hermeneutics
Abstract in English
The main purpose of this doctoral dissertation is a hermeneutic analysis of the relationship between the myth and art on the example of the literary works of Friedrich Hölderlin and Bruno Schulz. The work consists of two parts. The first one holds theoretical and methodological considerations. It consists of selected anthropological, philosophical concepts about the relation between mythological and artistic consciousness. Besides the outline of the mentality of representatives of traditional cultures, there are also attempts to reconstruct the definitions of myth and symbol based on the principle called the coincidence of opposites. The second part embraces an analyzes and interpretations of the literary works of Hölderlin and Schulz, in which the author recognizes two, eponymous attitudes nostalgia and affirmation resulting from the progressive decay of symbolic space. Nostalgia is a longing for an irretrievably lost past, for natural innocence, and missing presence. Affirmation, in turn, is a joyful confirmation of the world without the truth, center or origin. This attitude offers an active interpretation understood as a free play between dispersed signs and symbols. The main thesis of this work is a proposition that both of the attitudes belong to one program of searching for possibilities of functioning symbolic messages in the disenchanted world. Both of them are a part of desire to restore or create a sense of human existence through art or face its irretrievable loss. It turns out that artistic creativity can be the answer to the lack of a center, an attempt to ground a myth in art in place of the former setting art in a myth.

Uniform Resource Identifier
https://researchportal.amu.edu.pl/info/phd/UAM8427bd1f5aba4e1e81cfd59e8f6b9e92/
URN
urn:amu-prod:UAM8427bd1f5aba4e1e81cfd59e8f6b9e92

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