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The (re)socialization paths of the reconstruction of social roles on the example of recovering alcoholics of the Alcoholics Anonymous groups in Poznań

Jakub Trzebiatowski

Abstract

The dissertation presents the findings of studies concerning the process of getting sober on the example of recovering members of the Alcoholics Anonymous community. The work reveals the problem of the reconstruction of social roles and shows the influences of (re)socialization effectiveness on the Alcoholics Anonymous. The aim of the study can be situated both in cognitive and practical area because such a study has not been conducted by social sciences yet. The dissertation consists of two basic parts. The first, theoretical part of the study is composed of four chapters. The foundation of the constructed empirical theory is provided by the middle – range theories: the theory of socialization, the theory of social roles, sociological subject matter of alcoholic disease, the theory of (re)socialization in relation to its influence on the Alcoholics Anonymous and the theory of the reconstruction of social roles. The term (re)socialization was used in P. Berger and T. Luckmann’s meaning. Authors understood re – socialization as the renewal of the the primary socialization process. In other words, re-socialization is a new process of learning to conform to social roles expected and accepted by society. (See P. Berger and T. Luckmann The social construction of reality, Warsaw 1983, p. 241). The individual chapters cover the following issues: the theory of socialization (chapter one), the theory of social roles (chapter two), the sociological subject matter of alcoholic disease (chapter three) and the sociological subject matter of (re)socialization and the reconstruction of roles during a treatment in relation to the influence on the Alcoholics Anonymous (chapter four). The presented foundation of the constructed empirical theory takes into consideration a normative paradigm, particularly the structural functionalism (the representatives of this view usually perceive social structures as inflexible and rigid – an individual has to adopt to the established conditions), as well as an interpretative paradigm, especially the symbolic interactionism (describing individuals pointing at creativeness and processuality, which have an influence on a biographical trajectory). The second, empirical part of the dissertation opens methodological assumptions (chapter five). The basis of the adopted strategy is provided by qualitative studies which gained monographic and biographic characteristics. The author of the dissertation used the fieldwork procedure and the procedure of deepened opinion poll. Monographic, typological and biographical methods were used. Among the main research techniques of gathering sociological data, there were conducted free interviews with instructions, narrative interviews and a participatory observation. The author was a participant of the meetings of the Alcoholics Anonymous and of various events related to the Alcoholics Anonymous. In addition, the methodology of grounded theory was used. Generally speaking, the methodology of grounded theory ensured open – mindedness at the beginning of the project until the moment when certain theoretical, general explanations emerged. Eighteen respondents of Poznań’s AA groups were probed. In chapter six there are presented the result of the empirical research. The process of (re)socialization (getting sober) was probed in the following aspects: the affiliate – affective mechanism, the communicative – cognitive mechanism, the catharsis mechanism of new identity creation, and the mechanism of supporting a convert. The process of reconstruction was probed in the following areas: the subuniverse of family of origin (a daughter/son social role), the subuniverse of family of procreation (a mother/father social role), the subuniverse of social relations (an acquaintance/friend social role) and the subuniverse of work (an employee and co-worker social role). The results of the empirical research prove the effectiveness of the (re)socialization process of the Alcoholics Anonymous in the context of social role reconstruction within the aforementioned subuniverses. However, the mechanisms of (re)socialization influenced the respondents to various extents. The respondents who experienced low effectiveness of the mechanisms of (re)socialization were subsumed under the category of pretenders (the two sublevels which constitute an individual social role, i.e. a personal definition of a social role, did not change; neither the sublevel of role conception, nor the sublevel of acting out underwent transformation). The respondents experiencing average effectiveness of the mechanisms of (re)socialization split into two groups: conceptualists (only the sublevel of role conception changed) and gamers (the sublevel of acting out transformed). Finally, the respondents experiencing high effectiveness of the mechanisms of (re)socialization were included in the category of reconstructors (the sublevel of role conception and the sublevel of acting out, which constitute an individual social role, i.e. a personal definition of a social role, underwent transformation). In others words, the mechanisms of (re)socialization of the Alcoholics Anonymous caused the process of alternation, i.e. the conversion of worlds, from the world of alcoholic disease to the world of recovery (a community of other alcoholics getting sober).
Record ID
UAM94105ec448b54cf2a1e5bfb02fb3e8ac
Diploma type
Doctor of Philosophy
Author
Jakub Trzebiatowski Jakub Trzebiatowski,, Undefined Affiliation
Title in Polish
(Re)socjalizacyjne ścieżki rekonstrukcji ról społecznych. Na przykładzie zdrowiejących alkoholików poznańskich grup Anonimowych Alkoholików
Title in English
The (re)socialization paths of the reconstruction of social roles on the example of recovering alcoholics of the Alcoholics Anonymous groups in Poznań
Language
pl Polish
Certifying Unit
Faculty of Social Sciences (FoSS)
Discipline
sociology / (social studies) / (social studies)
Scientific discipline (2.0)
5.8 sociology
Defense Date
14-12-2012
End date
14-12-2012
Supervisor
URL
http://hdl.handle.net/10593/4020 opening in a new tab
Keywords in English
socialization; resocialization; social roles; reconstruction of social roles; Alcoholics Anonymous
Abstract in English
The dissertation presents the findings of studies concerning the process of getting sober on the example of recovering members of the Alcoholics Anonymous community. The work reveals the problem of the reconstruction of social roles and shows the influences of (re)socialization effectiveness on the Alcoholics Anonymous. The aim of the study can be situated both in cognitive and practical area because such a study has not been conducted by social sciences yet. The dissertation consists of two basic parts. The first, theoretical part of the study is composed of four chapters. The foundation of the constructed empirical theory is provided by the middle – range theories: the theory of socialization, the theory of social roles, sociological subject matter of alcoholic disease, the theory of (re)socialization in relation to its influence on the Alcoholics Anonymous and the theory of the reconstruction of social roles. The term (re)socialization was used in P. Berger and T. Luckmann’s meaning. Authors understood re – socialization as the renewal of the the primary socialization process. In other words, re-socialization is a new process of learning to conform to social roles expected and accepted by society. (See P. Berger and T. Luckmann The social construction of reality, Warsaw 1983, p. 241). The individual chapters cover the following issues: the theory of socialization (chapter one), the theory of social roles (chapter two), the sociological subject matter of alcoholic disease (chapter three) and the sociological subject matter of (re)socialization and the reconstruction of roles during a treatment in relation to the influence on the Alcoholics Anonymous (chapter four). The presented foundation of the constructed empirical theory takes into consideration a normative paradigm, particularly the structural functionalism (the representatives of this view usually perceive social structures as inflexible and rigid – an individual has to adopt to the established conditions), as well as an interpretative paradigm, especially the symbolic interactionism (describing individuals pointing at creativeness and processuality, which have an influence on a biographical trajectory). The second, empirical part of the dissertation opens methodological assumptions (chapter five). The basis of the adopted strategy is provided by qualitative studies which gained monographic and biographic characteristics. The author of the dissertation used the fieldwork procedure and the procedure of deepened opinion poll. Monographic, typological and biographical methods were used. Among the main research techniques of gathering sociological data, there were conducted free interviews with instructions, narrative interviews and a participatory observation. The author was a participant of the meetings of the Alcoholics Anonymous and of various events related to the Alcoholics Anonymous. In addition, the methodology of grounded theory was used. Generally speaking, the methodology of grounded theory ensured open – mindedness at the beginning of the project until the moment when certain theoretical, general explanations emerged. Eighteen respondents of Poznań’s AA groups were probed. In chapter six there are presented the result of the empirical research. The process of (re)socialization (getting sober) was probed in the following aspects: the affiliate – affective mechanism, the communicative – cognitive mechanism, the catharsis mechanism of new identity creation, and the mechanism of supporting a convert. The process of reconstruction was probed in the following areas: the subuniverse of family of origin (a daughter/son social role), the subuniverse of family of procreation (a mother/father social role), the subuniverse of social relations (an acquaintance/friend social role) and the subuniverse of work (an employee and co-worker social role). The results of the empirical research prove the effectiveness of the (re)socialization process of the Alcoholics Anonymous in the context of social role reconstruction within the aforementioned subuniverses. However, the mechanisms of (re)socialization influenced the respondents to various extents. The respondents who experienced low effectiveness of the mechanisms of (re)socialization were subsumed under the category of pretenders (the two sublevels which constitute an individual social role, i.e. a personal definition of a social role, did not change; neither the sublevel of role conception, nor the sublevel of acting out underwent transformation). The respondents experiencing average effectiveness of the mechanisms of (re)socialization split into two groups: conceptualists (only the sublevel of role conception changed) and gamers (the sublevel of acting out transformed). Finally, the respondents experiencing high effectiveness of the mechanisms of (re)socialization were included in the category of reconstructors (the sublevel of role conception and the sublevel of acting out, which constitute an individual social role, i.e. a personal definition of a social role, underwent transformation). In others words, the mechanisms of (re)socialization of the Alcoholics Anonymous caused the process of alternation, i.e. the conversion of worlds, from the world of alcoholic disease to the world of recovery (a community of other alcoholics getting sober).

Uniform Resource Identifier
https://researchportal.amu.edu.pl/info/phd/UAM94105ec448b54cf2a1e5bfb02fb3e8ac/

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