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The Aquinas concept of the soul in relation to neurosciences. Chosen aspects

Miłosz Szulc

Abstract

For the contemporary sciences, especially within the field of empirical studies, one of the crucial problems is to set down the reference point for dialog with traditional understanding of the world, based on Christian-catholic view. The key concern for it seems to be the immaterial aspect (or element) of the human being, which in theological tradition is called the soul. The first aim of this dissertation is to find the common ground between the western catholic teaching on this matter, represented by Thomas Aquinas, and neurosciences. Taking into account the outcomes mostly of the experiential work of the latter I try to pick the ideas that support Aquinas` opinions regarding immateriality of the soul, particularly in such questions as: the freedom of will or the interactionism of body and mind. On the side of neurosciences great input comes from the research of: Jeffrey Schwartz, Henry P. Stapp, Robin Collins, Stewart Goetz, Charles Taliaferro, Daniel von Wachter and John Eccles, whose achievements somehow can be harmonized with the Christian traditional view or even can acknowledge its scientific credibility. Nevertheless the Aquinas concept, discussed as a whole, has some weak points. Therefore the second aim of this work is to answer: whether neurosciences can fully correspond with his judgments? At the end a different proposition, which might integrate both of views, is presented.
Record ID
UAM95097e9c1bca46b2aee83400ed666d9a
Diploma type
Doctor of Philosophy
Author
Title in Polish
Tomaszowa koncepcja duszy wobec neuronauk. Wybrane aspekty
Title in English
The Aquinas concept of the soul in relation to neurosciences. Chosen aspects
Language
pol (pl) Polish
Certifying Unit
Faculty of Theology (SNH/WyT/FoT) [Not active]
Discipline
theology / (humanities)
Status
Finished
Year of creation
2015
Defense Date
04-11-2015
Title date
04-11-2015
Supervisor
External reviewers
Edward Sienkiewicz Edward Sienkiewicz,, Undefined Affiliation
Jacek Salij Jacek Salij,, Undefined Affiliation
Pages
182
URL
http://hdl.handle.net/10593/13952 Opening in a new tab
Keywords in English
Thomas Aquinas; neurosciences; free will; consciousness; the mind-body problem
Abstract in English
For the contemporary sciences, especially within the field of empirical studies, one of the crucial problems is to set down the reference point for dialog with traditional understanding of the world, based on Christian-catholic view. The key concern for it seems to be the immaterial aspect (or element) of the human being, which in theological tradition is called the soul. The first aim of this dissertation is to find the common ground between the western catholic teaching on this matter, represented by Thomas Aquinas, and neurosciences. Taking into account the outcomes mostly of the experiential work of the latter I try to pick the ideas that support Aquinas` opinions regarding immateriality of the soul, particularly in such questions as: the freedom of will or the interactionism of body and mind. On the side of neurosciences great input comes from the research of: Jeffrey Schwartz, Henry P. Stapp, Robin Collins, Stewart Goetz, Charles Taliaferro, Daniel von Wachter and John Eccles, whose achievements somehow can be harmonized with the Christian traditional view or even can acknowledge its scientific credibility. Nevertheless the Aquinas concept, discussed as a whole, has some weak points. Therefore the second aim of this work is to answer: whether neurosciences can fully correspond with his judgments? At the end a different proposition, which might integrate both of views, is presented.

Uniform Resource Identifier
https://researchportal.amu.edu.pl/info/phd/UAM95097e9c1bca46b2aee83400ed666d9a/
URN
urn:amu-prod:UAM95097e9c1bca46b2aee83400ed666d9a

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