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## Masculinity and phantasy in the prose of Javier Marías and Antonio Muñoz Molina

### Wiosna Szukała

#### Abstract

The considerations in this paper apply to the relationship of two categories: masculinity and phantasy. The studies have a literary character, and the subject of analysis is the prose of two contemporary Spanish writers: Javier Marías (b. 1951) and Antonio Muñoz Molina (b. 1956). Masculinity is treated as a theoretical and ontological category. The first chapter of the work examines the conceptual evolution of the meaning of “masculinity” as an idea, recalling the most important modern developments in the conceptualization of its essence; starting with Freud, who was one of the first to recognize masculinity as a phenomenon worthy of theoretical reflection to the latest interdisciplinary “post”– concepts which attempt to define the male subject. The basic methodological tool used in the analysis of the identity of male characters in the prose of Marías and Muñoz Molina is the notion of “phantasy” which is derived from psychoanalytic theory. The second chapter of the theoretical part traces the most important stages in the creation of the term “phantasy”, with particular attention to the issue of the relationship of phantasy and the category of masculinity; a relationship problematized primarily by Jacques Lacan. Lacan had made the notion of phantasy part of his concept of how human identity is shaped, while Freud, from the very beginning, linked it to literature, emphasized the narrative structure of phantasy and studied their presence in literary texts. The main aim of this work is a literary analysis of the phantasmatic core of the identity of male characters in the discussed prose.
Record ID
UAMd171b1032731413ebf573555ce5f3033
Diploma type
Doctor of Philosophy
Author
Title in Polish
Męskośc i fantazmat w prozie Javiera Mariasa i Antonia Munoza Moliny
Title in English
Masculinity and phantasy in the prose of Javier Marías and Antonio Muñoz Molina
Language
pol (pl) Polish
Certifying Unit
Wydział Neofilologii [nowa struktura organizacyjna] (SNoJiL/WN)
Discipline
literary studies / (humanities) / (humanities)
Scientific discipline (2.0)
1.5 literary studies
Status
Finished
Year of creation
2018
Defense Date
09-11-2018
Supervisor
Keywords in English
masculinity, phantasy, Javier Marías, Antonio Muñoz Molina
Abstract in English
The considerations in this paper apply to the relationship of two categories: masculinity and phantasy. The studies have a literary character, and the subject of analysis is the prose of two contemporary Spanish writers: Javier Marías (b. 1951) and Antonio Muñoz Molina (b. 1956). Masculinity is treated as a theoretical and ontological category. The first chapter of the work examines the conceptual evolution of the meaning of “masculinity” as an idea, recalling the most important modern developments in the conceptualization of its essence; starting with Freud, who was one of the first to recognize masculinity as a phenomenon worthy of theoretical reflection to the latest interdisciplinary “post”– concepts which attempt to define the male subject. The basic methodological tool used in the analysis of the identity of male characters in the prose of Marías and Muñoz Molina is the notion of “phantasy” which is derived from psychoanalytic theory. The second chapter of the theoretical part traces the most important stages in the creation of the term “phantasy”, with particular attention to the issue of the relationship of phantasy and the category of masculinity; a relationship problematized primarily by Jacques Lacan. Lacan had made the notion of phantasy part of his concept of how human identity is shaped, while Freud, from the very beginning, linked it to literature, emphasized the narrative structure of phantasy and studied their presence in literary texts. The main aim of this work is a literary analysis of the phantasmatic core of the identity of male characters in the discussed prose.

Uniform Resource Identifier
https://researchportal.amu.edu.pl/info/phd/UAMd171b1032731413ebf573555ce5f3033/
URN
urn:amu-prod:UAMd171b1032731413ebf573555ce5f3033

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