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Animism, perspectivism and agency among the Arabela of Peruvian Amazonia

Filip Rogalski

Abstract

The subject of this dissertation is an interpretation of the worldview of the Arabela people from the Peruvian Amazonia. It is based on theories of animism and schemes of relation (of Philippe Descola), perspectivism (of Eduardo Viveiros de Castro) and on an anthropological reflexion on agency. The dissertation is composed of four parts. Part one contains an ethnohistorical reconstruction of the Arabela society in the context of regional ethnology. Part two contains an reconstruction of the Arabela variant of the animistic-perspectivist ontology, and its relational scheme combining relations of gift and predation. It is based mostly on an analysis of the Arabela myths and narratives about personal interactions with non-humans, in the context of hunting and curing shamanism. Part three contains an interpretation of the way Arabela understand game animals and their interaction with them. It is based on an analysis of practices, conceptions and narratives related to hunting and fishing. It is shown that although inside of these practices and discourses, Arabela conceptualize animals in four diffrent ways, all of them share similar representation of human agency. as passive receptor of gift or as a responder to non-human behaviour. Part four contains an reconstruction of Arabela ontology and notion of agency, in the light of their everyday interactions. Through an analysis of patterns of joking interactions, and a particular way of comenting upon everyday actions and events, it is shown, that for the Arabela, human action is understood as originating from an exterior impulse, related to another subject.
Record ID
UAMdbd07ec1bc25470686348e91acf00228
Diploma type
Doctor of Philosophy
Author
Filip Rogalski Filip Rogalski,, Undefined Affiliation
Title in Polish
Animizm, perspektywizm i sprawczość u ludu Arabela z Amazonii peruwiańskiej
Title in English
Animism, perspectivism and agency among the Arabela of Peruvian Amazonia
Language
pol (pl) Polish
Certifying Unit
Faculty of History (FoH)
Discipline
ethnology / (humanities) / (humanities)
Scientific discipline (2.0)
1.6 culture and religion sciences
Status
Finished
Defense Date
06-04-2016
Title date
06-04-2016
Supervisor
Aleksander Posern-Zieliński Aleksander Posern-Zieliński,, Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM [nowa struktura organizacyjna] (Jooiz/WNU)Jednostki ogólnouczelniane o innych zadaniach [nowa struktura organizacyjna] (Jooiz)
URL
http://hdl.handle.net/10593/14581 Opening in a new tab
Keywords in English
Amazonian ethnology, ontology, animism, perspectivism, agency
Abstract in English
The subject of this dissertation is an interpretation of the worldview of the Arabela people from the Peruvian Amazonia. It is based on theories of animism and schemes of relation (of Philippe Descola), perspectivism (of Eduardo Viveiros de Castro) and on an anthropological reflexion on agency. The dissertation is composed of four parts. Part one contains an ethnohistorical reconstruction of the Arabela society in the context of regional ethnology. Part two contains an reconstruction of the Arabela variant of the animistic-perspectivist ontology, and its relational scheme combining relations of gift and predation. It is based mostly on an analysis of the Arabela myths and narratives about personal interactions with non-humans, in the context of hunting and curing shamanism. Part three contains an interpretation of the way Arabela understand game animals and their interaction with them. It is based on an analysis of practices, conceptions and narratives related to hunting and fishing. It is shown that although inside of these practices and discourses, Arabela conceptualize animals in four diffrent ways, all of them share similar representation of human agency. as passive receptor of gift or as a responder to non-human behaviour. Part four contains an reconstruction of Arabela ontology and notion of agency, in the light of their everyday interactions. Through an analysis of patterns of joking interactions, and a particular way of comenting upon everyday actions and events, it is shown, that for the Arabela, human action is understood as originating from an exterior impulse, related to another subject.

Uniform Resource Identifier
https://researchportal.amu.edu.pl/info/phd/UAMdbd07ec1bc25470686348e91acf00228/
URN
urn:amu-prod:UAMdbd07ec1bc25470686348e91acf00228

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