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## Russia and Russians in the reports of Poles who travelled to the East

### Agnieszka Królczyk

#### Abstract

The depiction of Russia and Russians established in the reports made by Poles travelling to the east in the years 1795-1863 were mainly negative and based on the opposition between Poland (democratic, respectful to European values, assuring education of the young generation) and Russia (despotic, holding on to barbaric customs despite pretences otherwise, not assuring the education of its citizens and quite often encouraging their depravity). A critical attitude to Russian reality was displayed by both those Poles who stayed in the Russian Empire for a short time, and those who decided to make permanent bonds with Russia. However, the image of Russia in the eyes of Poles was not solely a negative one. In each of the branches of life described in this study we can notice examples which were contrary to such strict criticism and mitigated it without undermining it. There were personal relationships between Poles and Russians which were very often very close and friendly, and which denoted the one area/denoted an area which clearly deviated from the general attitude. Casting aside the political context made it possible to base mutual relations on respect and understanding. An explicitly hostile attitude towards Russians was mantained only by those Polish communities for whom the fight for independence was the main goal of the real patriots – who did not intend to resign from this undertaking. To them, any social contacts with Russians – in their eyes the worst enemies of their homeland – were totally unacceptable.
Record ID
UAMe9763b0662ea4c9990c2d3970bed3ae7
Diploma type
Doctor of Philosophy
Author
Agnieszka Królczyk Agnieszka Królczyk,, Undefined Affiliation
Title in Polish
Rosja i Rosjanie w relacjach Polaków podróżujących na Wschód (1795-1863)
Title in English
Russia and Russians in the reports of Poles who travelled to the East
Language
pol (pl) Polish
Certifying Unit
Faculty of History (FoH)
Discipline
history / (humanities) / (humanities)
Scientific discipline (2.0)
1.3 history
Status
Finished
Defense Date
16-11-2015
Title date
16-11-2015
Supervisor
Artur Kijas Artur Kijas,, to_translate_Wydział Historii [nowa struktura organizacyjna] (SNH/WH)Szkoła Nauk Humanistycznych [nowa struktura organizacyjna] (SNH)
URL
http://hdl.handle.net/10593/14022 Opening in a new tab
Keywords in English
Poles in Russia in the 19th century, Russia in the 19th century Russians and their stereotype, Poles and Russians – ethnic relations
Abstract in English
The depiction of Russia and Russians established in the reports made by Poles travelling to the east in the years 1795-1863 were mainly negative and based on the opposition between Poland (democratic, respectful to European values, assuring education of the young generation) and Russia (despotic, holding on to barbaric customs despite pretences otherwise, not assuring the education of its citizens and quite often encouraging their depravity). A critical attitude to Russian reality was displayed by both those Poles who stayed in the Russian Empire for a short time, and those who decided to make permanent bonds with Russia. However, the image of Russia in the eyes of Poles was not solely a negative one. In each of the branches of life described in this study we can notice examples which were contrary to such strict criticism and mitigated it without undermining it. There were personal relationships between Poles and Russians which were very often very close and friendly, and which denoted the one area/denoted an area which clearly deviated from the general attitude. Casting aside the political context made it possible to base mutual relations on respect and understanding. An explicitly hostile attitude towards Russians was mantained only by those Polish communities for whom the fight for independence was the main goal of the real patriots – who did not intend to resign from this undertaking. To them, any social contacts with Russians – in their eyes the worst enemies of their homeland – were totally unacceptable.
Thesis file
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Uniform Resource Identifier
https://researchportal.amu.edu.pl/info/phd/UAMe9763b0662ea4c9990c2d3970bed3ae7/
URN
urn:amu-prod:UAMe9763b0662ea4c9990c2d3970bed3ae7

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