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The Poznan June 1956. The fight for the memory in 1956 – 1989

Piotr Grzelczak

Abstract

The estimation and interpretation of the Poznań June 1956 was one of the most drastic ideological problems that the Polish United Workers’ Party had to deal with. There were distinctive periods in which the communist party developed different strategies of dealing with this problem. In the first period (June – October 1956) participants of the Poznań 1956 protests were pacified by repressions and the whole society felt the influence of the communist propaganda. In the second period (lasting to June 1958) PUWP admitted that the Poznań 1956 protests were reasonable and of worker’s character. Besides, it was said that the followers of Stalinism, who had just been thrown out of power, were responsible for all faults. The Poznań June’s memory cultivation was allowed, but only in the form that was strictly approved by the communist party. Poznań workers were treated with different types of pressure, including operational activity of the Security Service. In the third period the communists’ strategy was the consequent concealment. The society was pacified, deprived of the possibility of expressing opinion. It locked itself in the private sphere. The situation changed in 1980-1981 with the appearance of Poznań June’s interpretation created by the opposition. This interpretation showed tradition of resistance, exposed hypocrisy of the communist ideology and practice and was reinforced by December 1970 and June 1976. The party reacted only after the introduction of martial law on December 13, 1981 and developed strategies that headed for neutralization of “solidarity’s” discourse as well as takeover of Poznań June’s reborn tradition.
Record ID
UAMf2d513c0d816471e96ec56d38ad1c56f
Diploma type
Doctor of Philosophy
Author
Title in Polish
Poznański Czerwiec 1956. Walka o pamięć w latach 1956–1989
Title in English
The Poznan June 1956. The fight for the memory in 1956 – 1989
Language
pol (pl) Polish
Certifying Unit
Faculty of History (FoH)
Discipline
history / (humanities) / (humanities)
Scientific discipline (2.0)
1.3 history
Status
Finished
Defense Date
13-03-2014
Title date
13-03-2014
Supervisor
Witold Molik Witold Molik,, Zakład Historii XIX wieku [nowa struktura organizacyjna] (SNH/WH/JWH)Szkoła Nauk Humanistycznych [nowa struktura organizacyjna] (SNH)
URL
http://hdl.handle.net/10593/10294 Opening in a new tab
Keywords in English
The Poznan June 1956, collective historical memory, historical policy propaganda
Abstract in English
The estimation and interpretation of the Poznań June 1956 was one of the most drastic ideological problems that the Polish United Workers’ Party had to deal with. There were distinctive periods in which the communist party developed different strategies of dealing with this problem. In the first period (June – October 1956) participants of the Poznań 1956 protests were pacified by repressions and the whole society felt the influence of the communist propaganda. In the second period (lasting to June 1958) PUWP admitted that the Poznań 1956 protests were reasonable and of worker’s character. Besides, it was said that the followers of Stalinism, who had just been thrown out of power, were responsible for all faults. The Poznań June’s memory cultivation was allowed, but only in the form that was strictly approved by the communist party. Poznań workers were treated with different types of pressure, including operational activity of the Security Service. In the third period the communists’ strategy was the consequent concealment. The society was pacified, deprived of the possibility of expressing opinion. It locked itself in the private sphere. The situation changed in 1980-1981 with the appearance of Poznań June’s interpretation created by the opposition. This interpretation showed tradition of resistance, exposed hypocrisy of the communist ideology and practice and was reinforced by December 1970 and June 1976. The party reacted only after the introduction of martial law on December 13, 1981 and developed strategies that headed for neutralization of “solidarity’s” discourse as well as takeover of Poznań June’s reborn tradition.

Uniform Resource Identifier
https://researchportal.amu.edu.pl/info/phd/UAMf2d513c0d816471e96ec56d38ad1c56f/
URN
urn:amu-prod:UAMf2d513c0d816471e96ec56d38ad1c56f

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